‍Global‍ aviation authorities are experiencing common issues that are restricting their operations and expansion. Such issues may be a result of economic constraints and some may be a result of regulatory complications. The following are the top issues faced by global authorities:

  1. Pilot Shortage: Airbus and Boeing forecasted a significant increase in demand for aircraft over the next two decades with orders exceeding 33,000 aircraft. While Western governments such as in England and U.S. are not allowing foreign pilots to be employed by the local carriers due to security issues, regions such as Asia and Middle East are obliged to rely on foreign pilots. Asian operators in particular are experiencing a significant shortage, causing flight cancelations (David, 2005).
  2. NextGen: government officials are facing a number of challenges associated with the development of NextGen. These challenges are mainly associated with complex technological requirements and extensive numbers of stakeholders. The Federal Aviation Administration is also facing challenges with research required for NextGen implementations (Dillingham, 2008).
  3. Airspace Management: The steady growth of the airspace system is calling for a new structuring to maintain a steady and uninterrupted growth and operation. Being part of the NextGen program, airspace management is quite a difficult task to initiate and maintain. This is due to the complexity needed to reconfigure the aircraft with required equipments such as the Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast (ADS-B). Of course, new requirements impose new financial threats on airlines that ultimately result in a domino reaction leading to increases in airfares (Dillingham, 2009).
  4. Technological Advancements: Airbus, Boeing and other aircraft manufacturers are continuously developing new technology to meet regulatory requirements and assuage environmental standards. Such advancements call for new training programs and safety standards that government officials, as well as airlines must regularly monitor (Transport Canada, 2010).
  5. Airline budget, taxations and market constraints: European airlines have often been threatened by aggressive Middle Eastern airlines that have been increasing their daily frequencies to European destinations over the past decades. Despite the imbalance in market share between both regions, Middle Eastern airlines enjoy a tax-free operation in their base while carriers such as Air France, British Airways, and Lufthansa are struggling with tax payments. European governments are facing a strong airline union that is fighting for government collaborations against the encroachment of Middle Eastern airlines (Frost & Rothman, 2010). Canadian authorities and nations in the Indian subcontinents such as India and Pakistan are playing it smartly by applying constraints that limits Middle Eastern airlines to a certain number of frequency/passengers on weekly basis. This approach protects their local airlines and enhances the local economy.